Surfing the Internet is quite easy, even for the beginner. However, there are always a few tricks to make surfing easier. One thing for certain, it's important that you get familiar with your web browser, whether you are using Internet Explorer or Netscape Communicator. Once you've covered how to use your tools, the next big challenge is finding that website you want to visit. Here are 10 quick tips to get your started on the road to becoming an Internet Surfing Expert.
  1. The Back & Forward Buttons
  2. The Stop Button
  3. The Address Bar (Internet Explorer) / Location Bar (Netscape)
  4. Bookmarks & Favorites
  5. Set Home Page
  6. Refresh / Reload
  7. History
  8. Web addresses
  9. Search Engines & Web Directories
  10. Shortcut Keys
Back & Forward Buttons (1)
When surfing the net, the Back & Forward Buttons will become your first friends. The back button will take you back to the previous page you visited. Each press takes you back one step. You can go forward again by pressing the Forward button. Each press moves your forward until you've reached the last page you visited.
It's also very easy to go back or forward a few pages at a time rather than one at a time. Instead of hitting the back or forward buttons over and over until you reach the page you wanted, click on the arrow next to the button. A list of the pages you have visited will appear. Simply choose the one you wish to jump to.
There are also shortcut keys to move forward and backward. Hold down the ALT key and press the left arrow to go back or the right arrow to go forward. Learn the shortcut keys if you are not comfortable using the mouse.
Back & Forward Buttons
(Internet Explorer)
Back & Forward Buttons
Stop Button
Use the Stop button to stop a web page from loading. This is useful to stop a page from loading if you click a link by mistake. Also, if a page is loading that is slowing down your computer too much, you can use the Stop button to stop it from loading. Perhaps you may be looking at naughty pictures and someone walks in on you, then, if it isn't too late, you can click the Stop button to stop the pictures from loading.
The ESC button is the shortcut key to Stop.
See Images below showing location of the Stop Button.
Stop Button
(Internet Explorer)
Stop Button
The Address Bar (Internet Explorer) or
The Location Bar (Netscape) (3)
The Address Bar (Internet Explorer) or Location Bar (Netscape) displays the web address of each web page you visit. Every web page has a unique address. If you know the address of a web page that you would like to visit, enter the address in the bar and hit enter. Your browser will search for the page at the given address and load it, once it is found.
Set Home Page
Address Bar
(Internet Explorer)
Bookmarks & Favorites (4)
Have you ever visited a website and then could not remember how to find it again? Or maybe you are tired typing the name of your favourite web site over and over again. Well, the simple solution to this problem is to create bookmarks. You can Bookmark a site (Netscape) or add it to your Favourites list (Internet Explorer). Book marking simply saves the address of the site in your web browser and adds it to a list in your Bookmarks menu (Netscape) or Favorites Menu (Internet Explorer). To visit the site again, all you need is to select the site's name from the menu and your browser will open the page.
To add a bookmark using Internet Explorer
Step 1: Select Favorites form the menu Bar
Step 2: Select Add to Favorites
A dialog box appears with the name of the website. You can change the name is you wish. Sometimes the name is fairly long, so you may want to shorten it.
Step 3: Click OK
To add a bookmark using Netscape
Step 1: Select Communicator form the menu Bar
Step 2: Select Bookmarks
Step 3: Click Add Bookmark
Setting Your Home Page (5)
The first page that loads when you start your web browser is called your Home Page. You can set your Home Page to be your favourite site or a site you use often. Some people read their e-mail first when they surf the web, so their's may be Hotmail. Other people choose search enigines & web directories, so their home page may be Yahoo.
To Set your Home Page Using Internet Explorer
Step 1: Select Tools form the menu bar
Step 2: Choose Internet Options from the list
Step 3: Make sure the General Tab is selected (It's the first Tab in the top left hand corner)
Step 4: Type the Web address of the website you would like to use in the Home Page field.

See sample image below:
Set Home Page
(Internet Explorer)
To Set your Home Page Using Netscape:
Step 1: Select Edit form the menu bar
Step 2: Choose Preferences from the list
Step 3: Make sure Navigator is selected (its on the Left side under category)
Step 4: Type the Web address of the website you would like to use in the Home Page field.
Step 5: Click OK.

See sample image below:
Set Home Page
Refresh / Reload (6)
Use the Refresh (Internet Explorer) or Reload (Netscape) button to update a web page. If a web page is taking longer usual to load, hit the Refresh / Reload button; this often helps the page to load faster. Have you ever called someone on the phone and found that you had a bad connection? Did you hang up, called the person again and realised you got a better connection? It's the same thing on the Internet.

Another good reason to update a web page is because what you may be seeing on your screen may actually be an outdated page. How? Your computer can store information from previous visits to a web page. This allows a web page to load faster the next time you visit since it's loading information from your computer's memory and not from the web site. If you are shopping at a website you visited in the past, you should hit the Refresh / Reload button to make certain you are viewing up-to-date prices.

Tip: If you click a link to a page and you got that pesky "Page Not Found" error, or the pages comes up blank, try hitting the Refresh / Reload button. Your browser may just find it on the second try.
Refresh Button
(Internet Explorer)
Reload Button
History (7)
Have you ever visited a website and later, you just could not remember the address? Yup, it happens to all of us. Fortunately you can check your browser's history. The History stores the address of websites you visited from as far back as a few weeks. All you need to do is open up your history file and search through the list of sites to see if any names ring a bell.
Check History using Internet Explorer:
There are a few ways to view the history:
  1. Click the History Button or
  2. Hold down the CTRL key and hit "H" or
  3. Click View from the menu Bar, Choose Explorer Bar, and then click History
History Button
(Internet Explorer)
Check History using Netscape
There are a few ways to view the history:
  1. Hold down the CTRL key and hit "H" or
  2. Click "Communicator" from the menu Bar, choose "Tools", and then click History.
Web addresses (8)
A Web address, also referred to as a URL (Uniform Resource Locator), is the location or pathway to a website. For example, the web address for this website is http://www.justbajan.com.
You do not need to do a search for a site on Yahoo or other web directories if you know the site's web address. All you need to do is type the name of the website directly into the Address Bar (Internet Explorer) or Location Bar (Netscape) of your browser.
A web address is actually made up of four parts. Most people only need to use the last 3. Lets use JustBajan.com's web address for an illustration:
http:// — Http is the Protocol name.
www — indicates the Location of the site. The WWW indicates that the site is located on the World Wide Web. All sites however, are not on the World Wide Web.
justbajan — This is the Site Name. Site names must names never have spaces in them.
.com — identifies what type of organization the site is: .com usually means commercial.
Here are some other types you may find:
.edu — educational
.org — organization
.gov — government
.net — Network
.bb — Barbados
.tt — Trinidad & Tobago
Search Engines & Web Directories (9)
Search Engines & Web Directories are websites that you use to find other websites. They are like the yellow pages of the Internet. You should know at least three of them; the more you know the better. Probably the most popular Web Director is www.Yahoo.com. Yahoo was one of the first Web Directories on the Internet. Here is a list of some great Search Engines & Web Directors.
ww.altavista.com or www.raging.com
Useful Short cut Keys
Tried of using the mouse. Try some of these short-cut keys. You may actually find keyboard shortcuts are faster and easier than using a mouse.
Down Arrow - scrolls towards the end of the page
UP Arrow - scrolls towards the top of the page
ALT Left Arrow - Go to previous page
ALT Right Arrow - Go to next page
CTRL P - Print Page
CTRL R - Refresh
Esc - Stop Loading page
F4 - (Internet Explorer only) displays the list of websites you visited in the address bar
CTRL O - Opens a dialog box that you may enter a new web address
CTRL H - Displays History
CTRL I - (Internet Explorer only) Opens the Favorites Menu
CTRL B - (Netscape Only) Opens the Bookmarks Menu
CTRL N - Opens a New Window
CTRL W or ALT F4 - Closes the Browser Window
Follow these step to get a complete list of shortcut keys for Internet Explorer:
  1. Click the Help Menu
  2. Select Contents and Index
  3. Click the Index Tab in the menu that appears (see Image below)
  4. Type "shortcut" in the keyword field. Short cut keys shoudld appear in the menu below.
  5. Double click on shortcut keys or select it and click the display button. The list of shortcuts keys should appear in the right panel.
Help Screen
(Internet Explorer)